Developing modern agriculture, inheriting red genes and adhering to Party Building

Jinzhai is getting rid of poverty through its golden strength (celebrating 40 years of reform and opening up, 100 cities, 100 counties and 100 enterprises)

Newspaper reporter Xu Jing

09 November 2018, 06:06 source: People's Daily - People's daily
 

40 years ago, in the hinterland of the Dabie Mountains in Anhui, there was a small county town where the annual per capita net income of the local peasants was only 78 yuan, and the poverty population was 540 thousand, accounting for 99%. In 1986, the county was identified as a key poverty-stricken county in the country.

In the past 40 years, farmers have never ceased to implement the household contract responsibility system, to develop the agricultural industrial economy, and then to the rural industrial development and infrastructure construction. Since 2016, the county has completed 12 thousand and 700 people out of poverty, 44 thousand and 300 people, 17 out of poverty villages, and the incidence of poverty dropped from 14.3% to 6.79%.

This small county town is Jinzhai County, Lu'an City, Anhui province.

Raising the level of agricultural industrialization and increasing the income of farmers

In the autumn of October, kiwifruit ripening. The neat Kiwi tree is covered with fruit, and Wang Xianchun, a villager in Nan Wan Village, Nanxi Town, Jinzhai, is busy in the monkey garden. Wang Xianchun and his wife are handicapped, their daughters are married, and their son is still studying in high school. In the past, the whole family grew up by relying on Wang Chun Chun and his more than 70 year old parents. In the first half of 2017, Wang Xianwu, a distant relative, transferred 33 acres of gooseberry to his daily management. He was usually responsible for watering, fertilizing and weeding. The annual income could reach 30 thousand yuan.

Nowadays in Jinzhai, there are many people who have changed their lives like Wang Xianchun. Jinzhai began planting kiwifruit in 2011. In 2014, 28 Kiwi planting cooperatives were established in the county, involving 22 villages in 8 townships.

Lin Tao, vice president of Jinzhai kiwifruit Association, said that the planting area of Actinidia in Jinzhai county is more than 30 thousand mu, which is divided into several areas for unified management. In peacetime, it is managed by various cooperatives, and the Federation is responsible for packaging, storing and selling.

"Some kiwifruit have just been planted, and no fruit has yet been produced. This year, the output is expected to be 480 tons, and next year it will reach 3000 tons. The market prospect is very good." Lin Tao said.

Besides kiwifruit, Jinzhai has made full use of the natural conditions of the mountain area to develop eight leading industries such as tea and Chinese medicinal materials. The development of modern agriculture has gradually matured, and the level of agricultural industrialization has increased year by year.

By the end of 2017, Jinzhai county had added 29 thousand mu of improved seed tea garden, completed 28 thousand mu of new bamboo planting, increased the area of bamboo to 250 thousand mu, and developed more than 2000 mu of Dendrobium and 85 thousand mu of other Chinese medicinal materials. The county has added four major industrial professional cooperatives and 396 family farms, and all kinds of new agricultural business entities have increased to 2533. In 2017, the total output value of agriculture was 3 billion 740 million yuan.

On the basis of constantly expanding the scale, Jinzhai county has continuously created distinctive brand of agricultural products. At present, 43 enterprises have the right to use the brand of "longevity village of China" in Jinzhai. The geographical indications of Jinzhai Ganoderma lucidum and Jinzhai black hairy pig have reached 19, and Jinzhai kiwifruit and Jinzhai black tea have been certified by geographical indications respectively. In addition, Jinzhai was awarded the title of "origin of Lu'an melon slices", "the capital of Chinese medicinal mushrooms" and "the hometown of economic forest and chestnut".

Injecting red gene into eco tourism

At the end of October, Mr. Wang of Hefei brought his family to Jinzhai County Da Wan village for self driving tour, and stayed in the "Xin Yun farm family courtyard" operated by the villagers Wang Xinyun.

Wang Xinyun's parents and their parents had diseases, and their children went to school in the field. In the past, the family's income depended on Wang Xinyun's husband working outside the village, the poor household in the village. In 2016, she took the poverty subsidy and government subsidies to transform the 3 cottages into farmhouse music. Now she has thirty thousand or forty thousand yuan of net income every year, and is completely lifted out of poverty in 2017.

"Spring and autumn and holidays are all the tourist season. There are so many guests that they can't clean the room every day." Wang Xinyun laughed.

Tai Wan village is near the Heaven Village Ma manling National Nature Reserve. It is known as "the last virgin forest in East China". Tai Wan Village seize the opportunity and strive to boost poverty alleviation through tourism development.

Yu Jing, first Secretary of Da Wan Village, said that 3/5 in Tai Wan village has been engaged in special breeding and farmhouse music since 2016. At present, a large proportion of the poor households in Tai Wan village are also engaged in tourism and other related industries.

Jinzhai county is an important source of Chinese revolution and an important birthplace of the people's army. Relying on the red culture and natural resources, it builds a "red, blue and green" eco-tourism mode. It relies on the Red Army square, the Red Army memorial hall of Jinzhai, the Revolutionary Museum of Jinzhai County, and so on to develop the red tour. It relies on Meishan, the two major reservoirs of the Xiang Hong Dian to develop the blue tourism, and relies on natural scenery to develop green tourism.

At present, there are 1 5A level scenic spots and 6 4A level scenic spots in the county. In 2017, the county received 9 million 114 thousand tourists and a total income of 3 billion 500 million yuan.

According to statistics, only 9 townships along the Dabie Mountain Rapid Transit Road, the poor population fell from 44810 at the end of 2014 to 29802 at the end of 2016, with a total reduction of 15008 people, accounting for 42% of the total number of poverty relief in the same period.

Organizing and implementing the "Gang project" to tackle poverty

On the morning of October 25th, Dafan village, Jinzhai County, was very busy. The first secretary Wu Chenhua came to Jianxin and two pieces of villagers' houses to 9 houses.

Wu Chenhua originally worked in Anhui Agriculture University and came to Da Fan Village as the first secretary and the head of poverty alleviation team in 2015. When I first arrived in the village, what impressed him deeply was the housing problem of the poor families.

Beginning in 2016, the village of Da Fan started a vigorous relocation. At present, 273 households in the village have moved 143 into new homes, and 95 poor households have moved to 64.

In order to let everyone move in, be stable and able to get rich, Da Fan Village has set up public service posts for the poor households, such as cleaning, fireproofing, and five insured caretakers, with a salary of 500 yuan per person per month. At the same time, we worked with Anhui Agriculture University to develop organic rice and alpine Zizania in the mountain area. The infrastructure of more than 1800 acres of tea plantations is also under construction. By the end of 2017, the village of Da Fan had been lifted out of poverty.

In the past, the villagers' thought of "relying on others" was serious. It could be said that they should strive for "poor families" and hoped that the government would give more support policies. Now it has changed. " Wu Chenhua said, "many people were afraid that the policy of poverty relief would be gone. We should patiently explain the policy of getting rid of poverty. By this year, poor households have begun volunteered to get rid of poverty.

Jinzhai County persists in carrying out "party and government leaders in charge of overall responsibility, and three level secretaries in charge of poverty alleviation". 71 poor villages have organized the poverty reduction team leader, and the remaining 154 non poor villages have been stationed in the poverty alleviation team. 225 villages in the county are equipped with poverty alleviation commissioners. Organizing and implementing the "Gang project" to tackle poverty and tackling poverty, organizing rural Party members and Party members and activists to help solve life problems, strengthen ideological linkage, assist industrial development, implement production and marketing joint efforts, assist labor and work together, achieve employment linkage, help promote poverty alleviation, and maintain long-term contact with the "four party four links" mechanism, and constantly enhance and strengthen the long-term mechanism of "party building to promote poverty alleviation".


People's daily (09 November 2018, 04 Edition)

(Editor: Ma Chang, Cao Kun)

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